django.db.models ForeignKey Python Code Examples

ForeignKey is a Django ORM field-to-column mapping for creating and working with relationships between tables in relational databases.

ForeignKey is defined within the django.db.models.related module but is typically referenced from django.db.models rather than using the related module reference.

Example 1 from AuditLog

Auditlog (project documentation) is a Django app that logs changes to Python objects, similar to the Django admin's logs but with more details and output formats. Auditlog's source code is provided as open source under the MIT license.

AuditLog / src / auditlog_tests / models.py

import uuid

from django.contrib.postgres.fields import ArrayField
from django.db import models
from auditlog.models import AuditlogHistoryField
from auditlog.registry import auditlog

from multiselectfield import MultiSelectField


## ... source file abbreviated to get to the ForeignKey examples ...


class RelatedModel(models.Model):
    """
    A model with a foreign key.
    """

    related = models.ForeignKey(to='self', on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    history = AuditlogHistoryField()


class ManyRelatedModel(models.Model):
    """
    A model with a many to many relation.
    """

    related = models.ManyToManyField('self')

    history = AuditlogHistoryField()


@auditlog.register(include_fields=['label'])
class SimpleIncludeModel(models.Model):
    """
    A simple model used for register's include_fields kwarg
    """

    label = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    text = models.TextField(blank=True)

    history = AuditlogHistoryField()


class SimpleExcludeModel(models.Model):
    """
    A simple model used for register's exclude_fields kwarg
    """

    label = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    text = models.TextField(blank=True)

    history = AuditlogHistoryField()


class SimpleMappingModel(models.Model):
    """
    A simple model used for register's mapping_fields kwarg
    """

    sku = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    vtxt = models.CharField(verbose_name='Version', max_length=100)
    not_mapped = models.CharField(max_length=100)

    history = AuditlogHistoryField()


class AdditionalDataIncludedModel(models.Model):
    """
    A model where get_additional_data is defined which allows for logging extra
    information about the model in JSON
    """

    label = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    text = models.TextField(blank=True)
    related = models.ForeignKey(to=SimpleModel, on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    history = AuditlogHistoryField()

    def get_additional_data(self):
        """
        Returns JSON that captures a snapshot of additional details of the
        model instance. This method, if defined, is accessed by auditlog
        manager and added to each logentry instance on creation.
        """
        object_details = {
            'related_model_id': self.related.id,
            'related_model_text': self.related.text
        }
        return object_details


# ... source file continues with no further ForeignKey examples ...

Example 2 from dccnsys

dccnsys is a conference registration system built with Django. The code is open source under the MIT license.

dccnsys / wwwdccn / review / models.py

from django.conf import settings
from django.core.mail import send_mail
from django.db import models
from django.db.models.signals import post_save, post_delete
from django.dispatch import receiver
from django.template.loader import render_to_string
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from conferences.models import Conference
from submissions.models import Submission
from users.models import User


# Create your models here.
class Reviewer(models.Model):
    user = models.ForeignKey(User, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    conference = models.ForeignKey(Conference, on_delete=models.CASCADE)


SCORE = (
    ('1', _('1 - Very Poor')),
    ('2', _('2 - Below Average')),
    ('3', _('3 - Average')),
    ('4', _('4 - Good')),
    ('5', _('5 - Excellent')),
)


class Review(models.Model):
    NUM_SCORES = 4

    # Score choices codes:
    POOR = 1
    BELOW_AVERAGE = 2
    AVERAGE = 3
    GOOD = 4
    EXCELLENT = 5

    SCORE_CHOICES = (
        ('', _('Choose your score')),
        (str(POOR), _('1 - Very Poor')),
        (str(BELOW_AVERAGE), _('2 - Below Average')),
        (str(AVERAGE), _('3 - Average')),
        (str(GOOD), _('4 - Good')),
        (str(EXCELLENT), _('5 - Excellent'))
    )

    reviewer = models.ForeignKey(
        Reviewer,
        on_delete=models.CASCADE,
        related_name='reviews',
    )

    paper = models.ForeignKey(
        Submission,
        on_delete=models.CASCADE,
        related_name='reviews',
    )

    technical_merit = models.CharField(
        choices=SCORE_CHOICES,
        max_length=1,
        blank=True,
    )

    clarity = models.CharField(
        choices=SCORE_CHOICES,
        max_length=1,
        blank=True,
    )

    relevance = models.CharField(
        choices=SCORE_CHOICES,
        max_length=1,
        blank=True,
    )

    originality = models.CharField(
        choices=SCORE_CHOICES,
        max_length=1,
        blank=True,
    )

    details = models.TextField()

    submitted = models.BooleanField(default=False)

    def __str__(self):
        name = self.reviewer.user.profile.get_full_name()
        return f'Review for submission #{self.paper.pk} by {name}'

    def check_details(self):
        return check_review_details(self.details, self.paper.stype)

    def score_fields(self):
        return {
            'technical_merit': self.technical_merit,
            'clarity': self.clarity,
            'originality': self.originality,
            'relevance': self.relevance,
        }

    def missing_score_fields(self):
        return tuple(k for k, v in self.score_fields().items() if v == '')

    def all_scores_filled(self):
        return self.num_scores_missing() == 0

    def num_scores_missing(self):
        return len(self.missing_score_fields())

    def warnings(self):
        num_missing = self.num_scores_missing()
        warnings = []
        if num_missing == Review.NUM_SCORES and not self.details:
            warnings.append('Please, start the review')
        else:
            filled_details = self.check_details()
            filled_scores = num_missing == 0

            if not filled_scores:
                warnings.append(
                    f'{num_missing} of {Review.NUM_SCORES} scores not filled'
                )
            if not filled_details:
                warnings.append('Review details are incomplete')
            if filled_scores and filled_details and not self.submitted:
                warnings.append('Review is not submitted yet')
        return warnings

    def average_score(self):
        if self.all_scores_filled():
            fields = self.score_fields()
            return sum(int(x) for x in fields.values()) / len(fields)
        return 0

## ... source file continues with no further ForeignKey examples ...

Example 3 from django-allauth

django-allauth (project website) is a Django library for easily adding local and social authentication flows to Django projects. It is open source under the MIT License.

django-allauth / allauth / socialaccount / models.py

from __future__ import absolute_import

from django.contrib.auth import authenticate
from django.contrib.sites.models import Site
from django.contrib.sites.shortcuts import get_current_site
from django.core.exceptions import PermissionDenied
from django.db import models
from django.utils.crypto import get_random_string

import allauth.app_settings
from allauth.account.models import EmailAddress
from allauth.account.utils import get_next_redirect_url, setup_user_email
from allauth.compat import (
    force_str,
    python_2_unicode_compatible,
    ugettext_lazy as _,
)
from allauth.utils import get_user_model

from ..utils import get_request_param
from . import app_settings, providers
from .adapter import get_adapter
from .fields import JSONField


## ... source file abbreviated to get to ForeignKey examples ...


@python_2_unicode_compatible
class SocialAccount(models.Model):
    user = models.ForeignKey(allauth.app_settings.USER_MODEL,
                             on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    provider = models.CharField(verbose_name=_('provider'),
                                max_length=30,
                                choices=providers.registry.as_choices())
    # Just in case you're wondering if an OpenID identity URL is going
    # to fit in a 'uid':
    #
    # Ideally, URLField(max_length=1024, unique=True) would be used
    # for identity.  However, MySQL has a max_length limitation of 191
    # for URLField (in case of utf8mb4). How about
    # models.TextField(unique=True) then?  Well, that won't work
    # either for MySQL due to another bug[1]. So the only way out
    # would be to drop the unique constraint, or switch to shorter
    # identity URLs. Opted for the latter, as [2] suggests that
    # identity URLs are supposed to be short anyway, at least for the
    # old spec.
    #
    # [1] http://code.djangoproject.com/ticket/2495.
    # [2] http://openid.net/specs/openid-authentication-1_1.html#limits

    uid = models.CharField(verbose_name=_('uid'),
                           max_length=app_settings.UID_MAX_LENGTH)
    last_login = models.DateTimeField(verbose_name=_('last login'),
                                      auto_now=True)
    date_joined = models.DateTimeField(verbose_name=_('date joined'),
                                       auto_now_add=True)
    extra_data = JSONField(verbose_name=_('extra data'), default=dict)

    class Meta:
        unique_together = ('provider', 'uid')
        verbose_name = _('social account')
        verbose_name_plural = _('social accounts')

    def authenticate(self):
        return authenticate(account=self)

    def __str__(self):
        return force_str(self.user)

    def get_profile_url(self):
        return self.get_provider_account().get_profile_url()

    def get_avatar_url(self):
        return self.get_provider_account().get_avatar_url()

    def get_provider(self):
        return providers.registry.by_id(self.provider)

    def get_provider_account(self):
        return self.get_provider().wrap_account(self)


@python_2_unicode_compatible
class SocialToken(models.Model):
    app = models.ForeignKey(SocialApp, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    account = models.ForeignKey(SocialAccount, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    token = models.TextField(
        verbose_name=_('token'),
        help_text=_(
            '"oauth_token" (OAuth1) or access token (OAuth2)'))
    token_secret = models.TextField(
        blank=True,
        verbose_name=_('token secret'),
        help_text=_(
            '"oauth_token_secret" (OAuth1) or refresh token (OAuth2)'))
    expires_at = models.DateTimeField(blank=True, null=True,
                                      verbose_name=_('expires at'))

    class Meta:
        unique_together = ('app', 'account')
        verbose_name = _('social application token')
        verbose_name_plural = _('social application tokens')

    def __str__(self):
        return self.token


## ... source file continues with no further ForeignKey examples ...

Example 4 from django-cms

django-cms (project website) is a Python-based content management system (CMS) library for use with Django web apps that is open sourced under the BSD 3-Clause "New" license.

django-cms / cms / migrations / 0018_create_pagenode.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Generated by Django 1.10.8 on 2018-01-03 19:50
from __future__ import unicode_literals

import django
import django.contrib.auth.models
from django.db import migrations, models
import django.db.models.deletion

from . import IrreversibleMigration


def get_descendants(root):
    """
    Returns the a generator of primary keys which represent
    descendants of the given page ID (root_id)
    """
    # Note this is done because get_descendants() can't be trusted
    # as the tree can be corrupt.

    for child in root.children.order_by('path').iterator():
        yield child

        for child in get_descendants(child):
            yield child


def create_page_nodes(apps, schema_editor):
    Page = apps.get_model('cms', 'Page')
    TreeNode = apps.get_model('cms', 'TreeNode')
    db_alias = schema_editor.connection.alias
    root_draft_pages = Page.objects.using(db_alias).filter(
        publisher_is_draft=True,
        parent__isnull=True,
    )

    create_node = TreeNode.objects.using(db_alias).create

    nodes_by_page = {}

    for root in root_draft_pages:
        node = create_node(
            site_id=root.site_id,
            path=root.path,
            depth=root.depth,
            numchild=root.numchild,
            parent=None,
        )

        nodes_by_page[root.pk] = node

        for descendant in get_descendants(root):
            node = create_node(
                site_id=descendant.site_id,
                path=descendant.path,
                depth=descendant.depth,
                numchild=descendant.numchild,
                parent=nodes_by_page[descendant.parent_id],
            )
            nodes_by_page[descendant.pk] = node


class Migration(IrreversibleMigration):

    dependencies = [
        ('sites', '0001_initial'),
        ('cms', '0017_pagetype'),
    ]
    replaces = [('cms', '0018_pagenode')]

    operations = [
        migrations.CreateModel(
            name='TreeNode',
            fields=[
                ('id', models.AutoField(auto_created=True, primary_key=True, serialize=False, verbose_name='ID')),
                ('path', models.CharField(max_length=255, unique=True)),
                ('depth', models.PositiveIntegerField()),
                ('numchild', models.PositiveIntegerField(default=0)),
                ('parent', models.ForeignKey(blank=True, null=True, on_delete=django.db.models.deletion.CASCADE, related_name='children', to='cms.TreeNode')),
                ('site', models.ForeignKey(on_delete=django.db.models.deletion.CASCADE, related_name='djangocms_nodes', to='sites.Site', verbose_name='site')),
            ],
            options={
                'ordering': ('path',),
                'default_permissions': [],
            },
        ),
        migrations.RunPython(create_page_nodes),
        migrations.AddField(
            model_name='page',
            name='node',
            field=models.ForeignKey(null=True, on_delete=django.db.models.deletion.CASCADE, related_name='cms_pages',
                                    to='cms.TreeNode'),
        ),
        migrations.AddField(
            model_name='page',
            name='migration_0018_control',
            field=models.PositiveIntegerField(null=True),
        ),
        migrations.AlterUniqueTogether(
            name='page',
            unique_together=set([('node', 'publisher_is_draft')]),
        ),
        migrations.AlterModelManagers(
            name='pageusergroup',
            managers=[
                ('objects', django.contrib.auth.models.GroupManager()),
            ],
        ),
    ]

Example 5 from django-guardian

django-guardian (project documentation and PyPI page) provides per-object permissions in Django projects by enhancing the existing authentication backend. The project's code is open source under the MIT license.

django-guardian / guardian / migrations / 0001_initial.py

# 0001_initial.py
from django.db import models, migrations
from django.conf import settings


class Migration(migrations.Migration):

    dependencies = [
        ('contenttypes', '0001_initial'),
        ('auth', '0001_initial'),
        migrations.swappable_dependency(settings.AUTH_USER_MODEL),
    ]

    operations = [
        migrations.CreateModel(
            name='GroupObjectPermission',
            fields=[
                ('id', models.AutoField(primary_key=True,
                                        serialize=False, auto_created=True, verbose_name='ID')),
                ('object_pk', models.CharField(
                    max_length=255, verbose_name='object ID')),
                ('content_type', models.ForeignKey(to='contenttypes.ContentType', on_delete=models.CASCADE)),
                ('group', models.ForeignKey(to='auth.Group', on_delete=models.CASCADE)),
                ('permission', models.ForeignKey(to='auth.Permission', on_delete=models.CASCADE)),
            ],
            options={
            },
            bases=(models.Model,),
        ),
        migrations.CreateModel(
            name='UserObjectPermission',
            fields=[
                ('id', models.AutoField(primary_key=True,
                                        serialize=False, auto_created=True, verbose_name='ID')),
                ('object_pk', models.CharField(
                    max_length=255, verbose_name='object ID')),
                ('content_type', models.ForeignKey(to='contenttypes.ContentType', on_delete=models.CASCADE)),
                ('permission', models.ForeignKey(to='auth.Permission', on_delete=models.CASCADE)),
                ('user', models.ForeignKey(to=settings.AUTH_USER_MODEL, on_delete=models.CASCADE)),
            ],
            options={
            },
            bases=(models.Model,),
        ),
        migrations.AlterUniqueTogether(
            name='userobjectpermission',
            unique_together=set([('user', 'permission', 'object_pk')]),
        ),
        migrations.AlterUniqueTogether(
            name='groupobjectpermission',
            unique_together=set([('group', 'permission', 'object_pk')]),
        ),
    ]

Example 6 from django-jet

django-jet (project documentation, PyPI project page and more information) is a fancy Django Admin panel replacement.

The django-jet project is open source under the GNU Affero General Public License v3.0.

django-jet / jet / tests / models.py

# models.py
from django.db import models
from django.utils.encoding import python_2_unicode_compatible


@python_2_unicode_compatible
class TestModel(models.Model):
    field1 = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    field2 = models.IntegerField()

    def __str__(self):
        return '%s%d' % (self.field1, self.field2)


@python_2_unicode_compatible
class RelatedToTestModel(models.Model):
    field = models.ForeignKey(TestModel, on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.field


@python_2_unicode_compatible
class SearchableTestModel(models.Model):
    field1 = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    field2 = models.IntegerField()

    def __str__(self):
        return '%s%d' % (self.field1, self.field2)

    @staticmethod
    def autocomplete_search_fields():
        return 'field1'

Example 7 from django-smithy

django-smithy is a Django code library that allows users to send HTTP requests from the Django admin user interface. The code for the project is open source under the MIT license.

django-smithy / smithy / migrations / 0002_auto_20190317_1052_squashed_0008_auto_20190317_1213.py

# Generated by Django 2.1.5 on 2019-03-17 17:14

from django.db import migrations, models
import django.db.models.deletion
import django.utils.timezone
import model_utils.fields


class Migration(migrations.Migration):

    replaces = [('smithy', '0002_auto_20190317_1052'), ('smithy', '0003_auto_20190317_1103'), ('smithy', '0004_auto_20190317_1104'), ('smithy', '0005_auto_20190317_1107'), ('smithy', '0006_request_body_type'), ('smithy', '0007_auto_20190317_1159'), ('smithy', '0008_auto_20190317_1213')]

    dependencies = [
        ('smithy', '0001_initial'),
    ]

    operations = [
        migrations.CreateModel(
            name='BodyParameter',
            fields=[
                ('id', models.AutoField(auto_created=True, primary_key=True, serialize=False, verbose_name='ID')),
                ('created', model_utils.fields.AutoCreatedField(default=django.utils.timezone.now, editable=False, verbose_name='created')),
                ('modified', model_utils.fields.AutoLastModifiedField(default=django.utils.timezone.now, editable=False, verbose_name='modified')),
                ('name', models.CharField(max_length=200)),
                ('value', models.TextField()),
                ('request', models.ForeignKey(on_delete=django.db.models.deletion.CASCADE, related_name='body_parameters', to='smithy.RequestBlueprint')),
            ],
            options={
                'abstract': False,
            },
        ),
        migrations.AddField(
            model_name='requestrecord',
            name='raw_request',
            field=models.TextField(default=''),
        ),
        migrations.RemoveField(
            model_name='requestrecord',
            name='response',
        ),
        migrations.AddField(
            model_name='requestrecord',
            name='status',
            field=models.PositiveIntegerField(null=True),
        ),
        migrations.AddField(
            model_name='requestrecord',
            name='raw_response',
            field=models.TextField(default=''),
            preserve_default=False,
        ),
        migrations.AddField(
            model_name='request',
            name='content_type',
            field=models.CharField(blank=True, choices=[('', 'Other'), ('application/x-www-form-urlencoded', 'x-www-form-urlencoded'), ('application/json', 'JSON'), ('text/plain', 'Text'), ('application/javascript', 'JavaScript'), ('application/xml', 'XML (application/xml)'), ('text/xml', 'XML (text/xml)'), ('text/html', 'HTML')], default='', max_length=100, null=True),
        ),
    ]

Example 8 from gadget-board

gadget-board is a Django, Django REST Framework (DRF) and Angular web application that is open source under the Apache2 license.

gadget-board / web / gadgets / models.py

# models.py
from django.db import models
from django.contrib.postgres.fields import JSONField
from django.template.defaultfilters import slugify
from authentication.models import Account


class Gadget(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=40, unique=True)
    slug = models.SlugField(null=True, blank=True)
    description = models.TextField()
    users_can_upload = models.ManyToManyField(Account)
    image_name = models.CharField(max_length=140, blank=True)
    created_at = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True)
    updated_at = models.DateTimeField(auto_now=True)

    @property
    def image_url(self):
        if self.image_name != "":
            return "backend/static/media/{}".format(self.image_name)
        else:
            return "backend/static/dashboard_icon_big.png"

    def __str__(self):
        return self.name

    def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if not self.id:
            self.slug = slugify(self.name)

        super(Gadget, self).save(*args, **kwargs)


class GadgetData(models.Model):
    gadget = models.ForeignKey(Gadget, db_index=True, on_delete=models.DO_NOTHING)  # Add index on filtered fields
    data = JSONField()
    added_by = models.ForeignKey(Account, on_delete=models.DO_NOTHING)
    timestamp = models.DateTimeField(null=True, blank=True, db_index=True)  # Add index on filtered fields
    created_at = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True)

    def __str__(self):
        return '{} {} {}'.format(self.gadget, self.timestamp, self.added_by)

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connectiondjango.db connectionsdjango.db migrationsdjango.db modelsdjango.db routerdjango.db transactiondjango.db.backends utilsdjango.db.migrations RunPythondjango.db.migrations.autodetector MigrationAutodetectordjango.db.migrations.exceptions IrreversibleErrordjango.db.migrations.executor MigrationExecutordjango.db.migrations.loader MIGRATIONS_MODULE_NAMEdjango.db.migrations.loader MigrationLoaderdjango.db.migrations.operations.base Operationdjango.db.migrations.state ProjectStatedjango.db.models.query BaseIterabledjango.db.models.query EmptyQuerySetdjango.db.models.query ModelIterabledjango.db.models.query Prefetchdjango.db.models.query Qdjango.db.models.query QuerySetdjango.db.models.query prefetch_related_objectsdjango.db.models.query_utils DeferredAttributedjango.db.models.query_utils PathInfodjango.db.models.query_utils Qdjango.db.models.signals post_deletedjango.db.models.signals post_savedjango.db.models.signals pre_deletedjango.db.models.signals pre_savedjango.forms BaseFormdjango.forms CheckboxInputdjango.forms CheckboxSelectMultipledjango.forms DateInputdjango.forms Fielddjango.forms FileInputdjango.forms FilePathFielddjango.forms Formdjango.forms HiddenInputdjango.forms ImageFielddjango.forms Mediadjango.forms MediaDefiningClassdjango.forms ModelChoiceFielddjango.forms ModelFormdjango.forms ModelMultipleChoiceFielddjango.forms MultipleChoiceFielddjango.forms Selectdjango.forms SelectMultipledjango.forms ValidationErrordjango.shortcuts get_list_or_404django.shortcuts get_object_or_404django.shortcuts redirectdjango.shortcuts renderdjango.shortcuts resolve_urldjango.template.base Contextdjango.template.base FilterExpressiondjango.template.base Nodedjango.template.base NodeListdjango.template.base Parserdjango.template.base Templatedjango.template.base TemplateSyntaxErrordjango.template.base TextNodedjango.template.base Tokendjango.template.base TokenTypedjango.template.base VariableDoesNotExistdjango.template.base VariableNodedjango.template.base token_kwargsdjango.urls URLPatterndjango.urls URLResolverdjango.urls clear_url_cachesdjango.urls get_callabledjango.urls get_resolverdjango.urls get_script_prefixdjango.urls includedjango.urls re_pathdjango.urls register_converterdjango.urls resolvedjango.urls reversedjango.utils dateformatdjango.utils dateparsedjango.utils datetime_safedjango.utils formatsdjango.utils module_loadingdjango.utils termcolorsdjango.utils translationdjango.utils treedjango.utils.cache add_never_cache_headersdjango.utils.cache cc_delim_redjango.utils.cache patch_cache_controldjango.utils.cache patch_response_headersdjango.utils.cache patch_vary_headersdjango.utils.crypto constant_time_comparedjango.utils.crypto get_random_stringdjango.utils.datastructures MultiValueDictdjango.utils.dateparse parse_datetimedjango.utils.dateparse parse_durationdjango.utils.dates MONTHSdjango.utils.datetime_safe datetimedjango.utils.decorators method_decoratordjango.utils.deprecation MiddlewareMixindjango.utils.deprecation RenameMethodsBasedjango.utils.duration duration_stringdjango.utils.encoding DjangoUnicodeDecodeErrordjango.utils.encoding filepath_to_uridjango.utils.encoding force_bytesdjango.utils.encoding force_strdjango.utils.encoding force_textdjango.utils.encoding iri_to_uridjango.utils.encoding is_protected_typedjango.utils.encoding smart_bytesdjango.utils.encoding smart_strdjango.utils.encoding smart_textdjango.utils.encoding uri_to_iridjango.utils.formats get_formatdjango.utils.formats localize_inputdjango.utils.formats sanitize_separatorsdjango.utils.functional LazyObjectdjango.utils.functional Promisedjango.utils.functional SimpleLazyObjectdjango.utils.functional keep_lazydjango.utils.functional lazydjango.utils.functional total_orderingdjango.utils.functional wrapsdjango.utils.html conditional_escapedjango.utils.html escapedjango.utils.html escapejsdjango.utils.html format_html_joindjango.utils.html mark_safedjango.utils.html smart_urlquotedjango.utils.html strip_tagsdjango.utils.http base36_to_intdjango.utils.http http_datedjango.utils.http int_to_base36django.utils.http is_safe_urldjango.utils.http unquotedjango.utils.http url_has_allowed_host_and_schemedjango.utils.http urlencodedjango.utils.http urlquotedjango.utils.http urlunquotedjango.utils.ipv6 clean_ipv6_addressdjango.utils.itercompat is_iterabledjango.utils.module_loading autodiscover_modulesdjango.utils.module_loading import_stringdjango.utils.module_loading module_has_submoduledjango.utils.numberformat formatdjango.utils.safestring SafeDatadjango.utils.safestring SafeTextdjango.utils.safestring mark_safedjango.utils.termcolors colorizedjango.utils.text Truncatordjango.utils.text capfirstdjango.utils.text format_lazydjango.utils.text get_text_listdjango.utils.text get_valid_filenamedjango.utils.text slugifydjango.utils.timezone get_current_timezonedjango.utils.timezone make_awaredjango.utils.timezone nowdjango.utils.timezone timedeltadjango.utils.translation LANGUAGE_SESSION_KEYdjango.utils.translation activatedjango.utils.translation deactivate_alldjango.utils.translation get_languagedjango.utils.translation get_language_from_requestdjango.utils.translation gettextdjango.utils.translation gettext_lazydjango.utils.translation ngettextdjango.utils.translation overridedjango.utils.translation pgettextdjango.utils.translation pgettext_lazydjango.utils.translation ugettextdjango.utils.translation ugettext_lazydjango.utils.translation ungettextdjango.utils.translation ungettext_lazydjango.utils.version get_complete_versiondjango.views csrfdjango.views.debug get_default_exception_reporter_filterdjango.views.decorators.csrf csrf_exemptdjango.views.decorators.debug sensitive_post_parametersdjango.views.decorators.http require_GETdjango.views.decorators.http require_POSTdjango.views.generic CreateViewdjango.views.generic DeleteViewdjango.views.generic DetailViewdjango.views.generic FormViewdjango.views.generic ListViewdjango.views.generic RedirectViewdjango.views.generic TemplateViewdjango.views.generic UpdateViewdjango.views.generic Viewdjango.views.generic.base RedirectViewdjango.views.generic.base TemplateResponseMixindjango.views.generic.base TemplateViewdjango.views.generic.base Viewdjango.views.generic.detail SingleObjectMixindjango.views.generic.edit CreateViewdjango.views.generic.edit DeleteViewdjango.views.generic.edit DeletionMixindjango.views.generic.edit FormMixindjango.views.generic.edit FormViewdjango.views.generic.list ListViewdjango.views.generic.list MultipleObjectMixindjango.views.i18n JavaScriptCatalogdjango.views.static servedjango.views.static was_modified_sincedjango.contrib.auth.decorators login_requireddjango.contrib.auth get_user_modeldjango.contrib.auth.hashers make_passworddjango.core.exceptions ImproperlyConfigureddjango.core.mail.messages EmailMessagedjango.core.mail.send_maildjango.core.management.base BaseCommanddjango.db.models AutoFielddjango.db.models BooleanFielddjango.db.models CharFielddjango.db.models DateFielddjango.db.models DateTimeFielddjango.db.models FileFielddjango.db.models ForeignKeydjango.db.models GenericIPAddressFielddjango.db.models ImageFielddjango.db.models IntegerFielddjango.db.models Modeldjango.db.models PositiveIntegerFielddjango.db.models PositiveSmallIntegerFielddjango.db.models.signaldjango.db.models SlugFielddjango.db.models SmallIntegerFielddjango.db.models TextFielddjango.db OperationalErrordjango.dispatch Signaldjango.formsdjango.forms BooleanFielddjango.forms CharFielddjango.forms ChoiceFielddjango.forms DateFielddjango.forms DateTimeFielddjango.forms EmailFielddjango.forms IntegerFielddjango.forms TypedChoiceFielddjango.http Http404django.http HttpResponsedjango.http HttpResponseBadRequestdjango.http HttpResponseForbiddendjango.http HttpResponseNotModifieddjango.http HttpResponsePermanentRedirectdjango.http HttpResponseRedirectdjango.template.response SimpleTemplateResponsedjango.template.response TemplateResponsedjango.urls.pathdjango.urls reverse_lazydjango.urls.exceptions NoReverseMatchdjango.urls.exceptions Resolver404django.utils.html format_htmldjango.utils.timezone ...or view the full table of contents.

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