Configuring uWSGI for Production Deployment explains how Bloomberg uses uWSGI as a production WSGI server for some of their Python projects and how to set it up for your own applications.
The uWSGI Swiss Army Knife examines a few lesser-known uWSGI features that support serving static files, working with SSL, caching and asynchronous task execution.
How To Serve Django Applications with uWSGI and Nginx on Debian 8 shows how to set up a Django web app on Debian Linux that uses Nginx as a web server and reverse proxy for the uWSGI server.
The official uWSGI quickstart is awesome because it shows you how to code a quick WSGI application without using a framework then builds up an example with deploying a traditional Django web app.
Deployment Notes for Pylons, Nginx, and uWSGI gives the code and instructions for setting up a Pylons application with uWSGI.